The female breast is a very susceptible organ that reacts sharply to hormonal changes in the body. Small fluctuations in hormonal levels can lead to the formation of benign breast diseases. Modern women need to take particular care about the health of their breasts, since statistics show that every third woman faces breast disease.
The main diseases of the breast
The mammary glands belong to the female reproductive system and are therefore particularly susceptible to the effects of steroid hormones produced by the ovaries.
Doctors divide the diseases of the breast into two main groups:
Mastodynia – a disease in the chest, manifested in the form of swelling, engorgement, sensitivity. Mastodia can occur in women in the premenstrual period, during pregnancy, with neurosis, and also as one of the signs of diseases of the body. Symptoms of mastodynia are familiar to every woman, normally they disappear immediately after the elimination of the causes of her appearance.
Mastitis is an inflammatory disease most commonly found in women. The disease can occur in women at any time, but the acute form is observed during lactation. The influx of milk into the milk ducts causes the formation of seals, and cracks formed on the nipples can provoke an inflammatory process. Nursing mothers who do not care about the condition of their nipples fall into the risk group, because pathogenic bacteria that lead to mastitis can easily penetrate through microcracks.
Mastitis is characterized by the following features:
The appearance of purulent discharge from the nipples.
Enlarged lymph nodes under the armpits.
There are risk factors that contribute to the development of diseases of the mammary glands:
Genetic factors when diseases are inherited from one woman to another.
Hormonal factors in which there is a change in hormonal levels in the body.
Reproductive factors when a woman has problems with the reproductive system; has abortions.
Exchange factors associated with the fluctuation of body weight, a set of overweight.
Exogenous factors that develop as a result of external changes, such as chemical poisoning.
Fibroadenoma is a benign neoplasm in the breast, developing on the background of hormonal imbalance. Doctors often call a fibroadenoma a hormone-dependent tumor, because it develops from an excessive burst of estrogen. Often, a woman can independently determine the fibroadenoma in the chest, because there is a nodular seal. Palpation feels soft, elastic ball that moves easily in different directions, with no discomfort. If there are signs of seals, you should immediately visit a breast specialist, who will help determine the cause and treatment of the disease.
Mastopathy is another benign neoplasm, manifested in the growth of connective tissue. The reason for the appearance lies in the hormonal changes in the woman’s body. The danger of this disease is that delayed diagnosis and delay in treatment can lead to the formation of breast cancer.
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor in the breast. Breast cancer is more common than other types of cancer. Every woman can get breast cancer, and with age, the probability of encountering a disease increases 5 times!
It is necessary to know:
Female breasts should be regularly checked by a specialist. First you need to once a month to carefully probe the entire breast for the presence of seals. When detecting lesions in the chest, you must immediately contact a specialist and make an ultrasound of the breast.
Diagnosis of tumors shows that 8 out of 10 formations are benign and are easily removed surgically by.
Breast cancer is a dangerous, but treatable disease. It is very important to diagnose a tumor at the very beginning so that the operation is successful. In 9 out of 10 cases, surgery to remove the tumor was successful, but only when the disease was diagnosed from the outset.
Symptoms of Breast Disease
Breast diseases are often accompanied by pain, burning sensation. The main symptoms of breast disease include:
– pain on palpation;
– discharge from the nipple;
– changes in the color of the nipple or areola;
– changes in the skin of the breast;
– palpable chest tightness;
– nagging pains.
When these symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a gynecologist or a breast specialist, who will conduct tests to identify the disease.
Causes of disease
The occurrence of diseases in the chest is closely related to hormones and changes in the reproductive system. There are age-related causes that affect the appearance of breast disease.